tv BBC World News PBS December 14, 2010 5:30pm-6:00pm PST
>> granted bail, but still in jail, wiki-leaks founder julian assange must stay in custody. italy's president back from the brink yet again. he survived two parliamentary votes of no confidence, just. welcome to bbc world news. broadcaster our viewers on pbs and america and also a around the globe. coming up later for you, he achieved much, and alienated many. richard holbrooke's blood negotiating style, how will it be remembered? >> please -- blunt negotiating style, how will it be remembered? >> please welcome, oprah.
>> and oprah, the queen of talk in australia. >> hello, there. chaotic scenes around a london court today as the founder of wikileaks was granted bail as he fights extradition. but julien s&p is still in custody -- julian assange is still in custody. the swedes want him to answer allegations of sexual offenses, which he denies. tom simons reports. >> julian assange is used to a nomadic international life style, but for the last week he has been locked up. the only glimpse of him has been from a prison van. he will have to accept spending
more nights behind bars. >> finally, after two hours, we have heard that the swedes will not abide by the umpire's decision and they want to put mr. assange through get more trouble, more expensive, more hurdles. they clearly will not spare any expense but to keep mr. assange in jail. >> such as his fame each time he comes to court. there is a and international -- such as his fame. each time he comes to court there is an international media presence. his mother was here, and there was a small demonstration by anti-war protesters. most of the hearing discussed if he should be bailed. the from the dock he heard more famous names offering money so that he will not flee. the decision to appeal will be frustrating for his lawyers,
eager to start preparing for the extradition hearing. his team is fighting extradition from the u.k. partly because it fears he could be " -- pulled into two directions at once. his defense is likely to be that the pursuit of him is politically motivated. but his lawyers are also worried about a request from the u.s.. british law makes it easier to extradite him from here to there. what if he has already been taken to sweden? then there would have to be agreement from both countries to bring him to the u.s.. the process could take months, but his supporters say they are with him all the way. >> italian authorities are saying at least 50 police are injured in violent protest in rome. narrowly won a confidence vote in parliament. at least 40 demonstrators were injured.
earlier, there was a peaceful march by about 100,000 people. berlusconi won the vote in the house of parliament by just three votes. his majority in the senate was more comfortable. his government has been weakened by cake -- by scandals over his private life and the desertion of his closest former ally. our correspondent has been following events in rome. >> even as parliament was betting on a silvio berlusconi's future, angry crowds were trying to get into his residence. others attacked the senate building with rocks and bottles. the police replied with tear gas and battery charges. >> we are here because we do not want any more berlusconi in our parliament. >> parliament, where the vote of confidence was taking place, was ringed with police wagons. silvio berlusconi has dominated italian politics, but he has
been weakened by defections and scandals. close to the chamber, protesters were shouting, "who are buying votes like you by your within -- "you are buying votes like you by your withiwomen." inside, every member declared publicly whether they were for or against the italian leader. then word reached the street that he had lost the vote and celebrations began, but it was a mistake. inside the chamber, there were scuffles and the true result was that silvio berlusconi had survived by three votes. his supporters clapped, but the mood was bitter and partisan. back on the street, the mood changed. >> the crowd believed for a second that he had lost the vote, but now they have heard the news that he managed to
survive. >> soon after, protesters began attacking banks. they tried to smash our camera as we filfilmed them. violence spread through the center of rome, with dozens injured. despite all of the allegations of corruption and laura stories -- to lure it stories, he survived. the fact is that many italians believe he remains the best leader to manage a troubled economy. >> i think that the big problem in italy is that there is no clear alternative to him. >> despite the enormous hold he has over the italian media, silvio berlusconi only just got the votes he needed today and he left the chamber a weakened leader.
>> ahead of the south korean army has resigned at a time of heightened tension on the korean peninsula. the general the resigned after reports in the press went into a financial scandal. the defense minister also resigned after the response to an attack by north korea that left four people dead. north korea may have more uranium enrichment plants than the one it disclosed last month. the evidence seen by american delegations suggest p'yongyang has more capacity than it is admitting. nepal's former crown prince has been detained for allegedly firing a gun in a drunken
that ended the bosnian war. more recently, he had been the president's special representative in afghanistan and pakistan. the bbc now looks back at his life. >> peace negotiator and a veteran troubleshooter, richard holbrooke served as envoy to more than one u.s. democratic president. besides obama, he was a point man on many overseas problems, pakistan and afghanistan. a familiar face in kabul, he was famous for his blunt speaking behind the scenes, despite the handshakes and careful courtesy in public. >> with president karzai, i carried a personal message from president obama. >> his active interest in a just and his career as a diplomat. he made frequent visits during
his tenure of -- as u.s. ambassador to the united nations. he started his career as a vietnamese specialist on the delegation at the paris peace talks that ended the vietnam war. but it was his role in ending europe's war in bosnia, at the siege of sarajevo that first made him famous. in the unlikely surroundings of dayton, ohio in the american midwest, he more last force the warring sides to negotiate, never afraid to bulldoze his ways to a solution. he got them all to sign an accord in 1995. >> on paper we have peace. to make it work is our next and greatest challenge. >> it was a challenge. fears of serb ethnic cleansing brought a new crisis in kosovo. he was sent to belgrade to talk to president milosevic.
without success. nato responded with a 70-day bombing campaign. richard holbrooke was perhaps almost too confrontational, but his razor sharp analysis of mind and he will also be remembered as a dedicated diplomat said did not dodge difficult challenges. >> an fbi team has arrived in the swedish capital to help investigate the bombing there on saturday. the bomber was killed in the attack. also, two people were injured. police are trying to determine whether anyone else was involved. from stockholm, matthew price reports. >> in the picture-perfect postcards winter wonderland of sweden, a suicide bombing was the last thing they expected. but on saturday night, there was one explosion in a car and another a short distance away on a busy shopping street.
today at the scene of the first attack, we found a small group of investigators examining the minimal damage caused by the blast. officials here, though, say the bombs were designed to kill as many people as possible. an fbi team has now arrived in stockholm. its job is to try to determine the exact type of explosives used by the bomber. that should help local investigator is understand somef the events leading up to the attack and whether anyone else was involved. >> we now know that the man had traveled to the middle east, as he put it, for jihad. but who trained him and did anyone else in europe help? and there are other questions in this country. in recent elections, an anti- immigration party won its first ever seats in parliament. could this attack by an iraqi- born a swedish citizen fuel support?
>> the since the election, we're going in the wrong direction. this may make it worse. >> we think about it today, but in half a year or something we do not think so much about it. the >> at the taxpayer funded college for immigrants today, many were reluctant to talk openly, but some are worried about the fallout from the attack. >> it will have some effect because a lot of people do not understand how different. -- how we are different. not all iraqis are like this. >> sweden is far from alone. attitudes toward immigrants are changing across europe. and with every attack, islam's place in society is slowly being redefined.
>> stay with us if you can. the bbc world news still to come for you. the awards season kicks off and we will show you some of the nominees for the golden globe. first, though, the winner of this year's nobel prize for literature is back in his native peru. the 74-year-old is the first peruvian to win the nobel prize. don collins reports. >> after what must have been the most exciting and exhausting week of his life, he finally touched down in his native peru. he told waiting reporters he was very happy to be back home, but also very tired. his life had been turned upside- down by the nobel prize winner, he told the bbc, and he was eager to resume his normal routine.
>> it is kind of a revolution in the life of a person. surrounded by media curiosity all over the world. >> after sharing his views on everything from personal have freedom to approve'through's net elections, he left sharing his granddaughter and surrounded by family. a host of scholars to await him. he will be pleased to back in lima, which is a virtual shrine to a man possessed by literature. here you can find first editions of dozens of this acclaimed works. some have been translated into more than 30 languages. >> as you might expect from a literary giant, he has an enormous library. but he has always kept a foothold in the real world as a onetime politician, a
journalist, and an outspoken critic of certain latin-american leaders. >>, as the publicity silicified, -- as the publicity slowly subside, he will be happy to be backed at his writing desk. >> the latest headlines for you this hour on bbc world news -- swedish lawyers are to appeal against the decision by a london court to bail the wikileaks founder, julian assange, so he is still in custody. silvio berlusconi survive two votes of no confidence in parliament. in the lower house he won by just three votes. two weeks ago on bbc world news we reported live from the somali capital mogadishu on the conflict raging between the judicial federal government and the militia to have links to al
qaeda. we have been looking at the human cost of this fighting and it has produced one of the world's worst refugee problems. in the first of two films, they have rehr access to the camps. >> del caio is home to one of ever goes -- one of africa's longest-running refugee camps. >> these women, what are they singing about? they seemed very pleased. is that because they do not see people from the outside very often? >> these people have been through a lot and they are coping the best way they know how to cope and they want all
the help they can receive from around the world. >> the u.n. refugee agency tries to help displaced people to earn a living through food projects like this. the women here assemble furniture kit sent, which they sell to the u.n. for distribution. but female members of the camps are a risk of attack and rape. most victims are too afraid to speak out. >> these women were all rate within the last two months, which shows that the problem of sexual attacks against women living in these camps is a very real one that is going on right now. the authorities and are unable to protect them in any way. >> i was on my way for my work place to my house with in the settlement. i do not know the names of those men who died in nine of their physical appearance. -- i do not know the names of
those men and i do not know their physical appearance. i do not know them. the >> proof of just how hard it is for the authorities to tackle this kind of violence against women. the unhcr is trying hard, but it operates in somalia in an extremely difficult conditions. >> there are lots of things that can be done better than what we are doing now and i appeal to a stronger international solidarity to allow for the somali folks to be more effectively supported. >> the people here seem genuinely grateful for the handouts they receive. but it is hard for them to forget what they have lost through two decades of conflict. >> a fire at a big garment
factory in bangladesh has killed 20 people and injured men cheat -- injured many. it is already a different time in the government with a string of protests by workers demanding a new minimum-wage that should have come into effect last month. the bbc is in docket. the >> -- is in dhaka. >> could fire spread so quickly and many workers were trapped inside. some of them jumped to their deaths. firefighters took several hours to control the flames and they also called for the help of military copters but they could not rescue people from the rooftops. most of the workers in this factory, about 10,000 of them, had gone out at that particular time because it was lunch time. otherwise, the death toll would have been much like -- much higher.
police suspect that the electrical circuit is the reason for this fire. many accidents have been blamed on poor werwiring in these factories. theypg?x6r have been calling fr regular inspection of these factors to ensure the wiring is par for the connected and the fire exits are not -- the wiring is properly connected and the fire exits are not locked in any way of uni. >> oprah winfrey is using austria as the backdrop for the final series of her talk show. they will travel down under for a week-long trip over to australia. they hope that it will boost tourist travel to australia. >> please welcome, opera. >> they gathered outside one
great cultural iconic for the chance to see another. >> i love australia! >> the government paid $6 million to bring oprah, her entourage, and three of her -- 300 of her audience members halfway around the planet. they call it the ultimate australian in thadventure. within moments of getting on stage she started to repay the investment. >> you have got to come to australia! >> now entering its final season, her show is broadcast in 145 countries and it is thought that she will deliver $100 million worth of global exposure and bring in 300,000 visitors.
it must feel a bit like a mercy mission, helping to survive -- revive an industry that has been stagnant since the sydney olympics. they're hoping to cash in on the oprah affect. certainly, the australians have been excited to see her. >> absolutely amazing. the we are so excited and stoked to be here. >> with tourism in need of a revival, it is tempting to see the giant "o" from the sydney bridge like the giant bat signal living over the weeks ago. who needs the caped crusader when you can call the queen of chat? >> the vanguard unit was contractually bound to pay $50 million, but backed down when its finance minister threatened
to end state financed support of the bonuses were paid. still, it will be difficult to get out of those contracts. the first black man in the british parliament has been officially sworn in. he was born in nigeria and came to poland in the 1990's. british royalty leads the way the in nominations for this year's golden globe awards. the film "the king's speech" is in contention. also, "the social network." >> it does not sound like an obvious movie subject, but the story of how king george the sixth overcame a severe famine topped the nation's choices. it could win best film. >> i take that as a compliment.
>> a very different contender is the story of facebook. "the social network" has six nominations, including best film and best acting for jesse eisenberg. the boxing drama, "the fighter" has also been nominated. johnny depp find himself nominated twice in the same category as best actor in a musical or comedy for his roles in the children's fantasy "alice-in-wonderland" and the romantic thriller "the tourist." >> it is very sweet and very nice to be acknowledged for your work. i certainly did not expect, you know, two nomio2ations in the
same category. but that is what they saw and i guess that is what they saw. i am very touched. yeah, i'm very touched. >> his co-star, angelina jolie, is also nominated to 4 "the tourist" her first in a comedic role. there is competition for her. both annette bening and to the and more are nominated. -- and julianne moore are nominated. also, "the black swan" and the fantasy thriller "in sectiocept" >> much more on that and alal
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